The Word ‘cytogenetics’ is the combination of the greek words ‘ kytos’ and ‘genesis ‘. It studies the chromosomes that carry the genetic material in the human cell nucleus. It combines cytology and genetic investigations.

Clinicak Cytogenetics studies structure and function of chromosomes integrated to clinical genetics. Changes in structure and number of chromosommes causes some clinical conditions.

Modern Cytogenetics was founded by Tijo and Levan in 1956 when the techniques of cytogenetic analysis was discovred and the human chromosome number was discovered as 46. Today we can perform chromosome anaysis with a much better resolution to enlightens most of the clinical cases...